Discover the Tramuntana mountain range, World Heritage site
This mountain range joins cultural, ethnological and natural aspects of great value
In June 2011, the most important mountain range in Mallorca, which crosses the island from northeast to southwest, was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the Cultural Landscaped category due to its rich natural systems and cultural elements.
The Tramuntana Mountains are a natural area covering 63,084 hectares, of which 1,123 are 90 kilometre long marines. Winding cobbled paths, terraces, streams, dry stone walls, lime furnaces, dry stone huts, snow houses, possessions (rural farms) and small towns, among many other elements, show the human integration in the natural environment and landscape. King James I, Ramón Llull, the Archduke Louis Salvador of Austria or Frédéric Chopin are privileged witnesses, among other famous individuals, to this integration process, recognised by UNESCO.
The Pedra en Sec route, long-distance certified (GR221), runs along the mountain range, linking the old roads that connect the towns with agricultural areas and product manufacturing in the first half of the previous century. This is the case for crops such as oranges, carob and olive trees. In this itinerary, as well as other popular excursions like the Barranc de Biniaraix, Puig de Massanella, Puig Roig circuit (LLuc) or Sa Trapa (Sant Elm), you will discover a good part of the Tramuntana mountain values.
Picturesque towns such as Port de Pollença, Sóller, Fornalutx, Deià, Valldemossa, Banyalbufar, Estellencs, Sant Elm or Galilea show you the many life traits of this mountain environment. The Lluc sanctuary in the municipality of Escorca is a must, with its church and museum and facilities for a comfortable night’s stay.
The high-profile domains of the Austrian Archduke Louis Salvador, Son Marroig and Miramar, can also be visited without overlooking the sunset on Sa Foradada. More towards the north, we suggest you visit Sóller with its centennial train, which connects to the tram that will take you to port. From there, you can continue the journey by boarding a boat and sailing around the coast to Sa Calobra, at the mouth of the Torrent de Pareis gorge. And if you want to see how olive oil and wine, two of the most emblematic products of the Tramuntana Mountains, are produced, you can do so by visiting the mills (known as tafones in the Majorcan language) in Sóller or Andratx and the wineries that produce the delicious malvasia grape, harvested on the Banyalbufar and Estellencs plots of land.
Each town offers a traditional weekly market with organic products and local handicrafts that we welcome you to try along with the typical food from each area, and not forgetting, of course, our star dressing, olive oil. Cultural events such as the Pollença Music Festival or the Torrent de Pareis concert are a must thanks to their extraordinary quality.