The elliptical-shaped village covers 13,500 m2 surrounded by a 374-metre wall with a monumental entrance. The first archaeological digs were done under the supervision of the Italian Giovanni Lillie, who was hoping to link the Majorcan constructions with ones in Sardinia.
The digs focused on excavating the central area of the village, the talayot and its adjacent rooms, especially the hypostyle room and the room shaped like a horseshoe. Other sectors were excavated later on.
Chronologically, its founding can be set around 1000 BCE, taking the central talayot as the origin. Later on, following the pattern of talayotic villages, other constructions were built up around it, particularly for housing. The wall dates back to around 650-540 BCE. It was not until the Romans arrived (123 BCE) that the village began to decline, slowly abandoned and destroyed. Beside the entrance is a contemporary monolith dedicated to the poet Miquel Costa i Llobera, who took inspiration from ses Païsses to set his poem La deixa del geni grec (1900).
The site forms part of the archaeological route promoted by the Consell de Mallorca.